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为什么英文的第一个字母要大写?

2020-01-14 08:41:18  每日学英语

​你能将英语字母的大小写分清楚吗?

比如”指环王“的英文名字

The Lord of the Rings,

为什么第一个the首字母大写,

后面的又不需要,

为什么of首字母不要大写?

如果是平时聊天就算了,

但是在正式的场合中写英语,

必须要注意英语字母的大写问题。

比如你在考卷上写“china”,

在电子邮件里写“mr. smith”。

前者会让你丢分,

后者则会让你丢人……

Capital letters are useful signals for a reader. They have three main purposes: to let the reader know a sentence is beginning, to show important words in a title, and to signal proper names and official titles.

大写字母对读者来说是一种有用的信号。它们有三个主要的作用:让读者知道一个句子的开始,在标题中标示重要的词,以及标明专有名称和正式头衔。

1

Capitals signal the start of a new sentence. This is a stable rule in our written language: Whenever you begin a sentence capitalize the first letter of the first word. This includes capitalizing the first word or a direct quotation when it s a full sentence, even if it appears within another sentence.

大写字母表示新句子的开始。这是我们书面语言中一个固定的规则:无论什么时候开始,一个句子的第一个单词的第一个字母要大写。这包括将一句话的第一个单词的首字母大写,或者作为引语出现在一个句子中间时,但因为引语本身也是完整的句子,引语的句首首字母也要大写。

Frand inquired, "Where do I make a donation to the new scholarship fund?".

"The first time I lectured on that theory," the professor bragged, "not one student fell asleep in my class."

❖Note: Do not capitalize quotations that continue in a sentence after an interruption, as in the sentence immediately above.

注意:不要在句子被打断后还大写首字母,就像上面的句子一样。

Capitalize the first work in a line of poetry (even if it doesn t begin a new sentence)--unless the poet did not capitalize it (as in the second example below)

诗歌的行首字母大写(即使它没有开始一个新的句子)——除非诗人原本写的时候就没有大写(如下面的第二个例子所示)

Do not go gentle into that good night,

Old age should burn and rave at close of day;

Rage, rage, against the dying of the light.

-Dylan Thomas

in time of daffodils (who know

the goal of living is to grow)

forgetting why, remember how

- e.e. cummings

2

Capitals show important words in a title. Capitalize the first and last word, as well as any major word in a title or subtitle (words such as a, an, and the are not usually capitalized unless they function as the first word in the title or subtitle).

大写字母表示标题中的重要单词。第一个和最后一个单词,以及标题或副标题中的任何主要单词都要大写(像a、an和the这样的单词通常不大写,除非它们是标题或副标题中的第一个单词)。

标题文字中的每个实词首字母大写

比如下文中of之类的副词

和the之类的冠词就不是实词

如:

”The Lord of the Rings” is my favorite movie.

3

Capitals signal proper names and titles.

大写字母表示专有名称和头衔。

Tip: Words that are customarily capitalized (such as September) appear capitalized in the dictionary.

提示:字典中标明的习惯上首字母大写的单词(比如September)书写时需要首字母大写。

4

大部分的缩写都需要大写。

如:I’ve lost my ID card.

5

I和OK无论何时何地都需要大写。

如:I’m OK with your idea.

6

将亲戚作为称呼语时首字母大写。

如:Thank you, Mum.

怎样,

了解这些小知识

解决你“忽大忽小”的困扰了吗?

在下次的正式文件、邮件或考试的写作中,

千万不要写错了!

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